A stoma is an orifice made in the abdomen that’s connected to the urinary or digestive tract in order to get rid of urine or feces, and will be diverted out of the body. 

It typically is a pink color, looks small, and is circular and is sewn to the body. It might be kind of flat near the body or pushed outwards. You may wear a pouch over the top, which is closed or opened near the bottom. There are no nerve endings, so it’s not painful. 

Why is it Needed? 

There are a few reasons for a stoma. 

Bladder cancer, bowel cancer, inflammatory bowel conditions, bowel obstruction or diverticulitis, and other conditions may require a stoma. It might be a temporary, or a permeant fix depending on who you are. 

There are three stoma types depending on what you need to get, and they are a colostomy, ileostomy, and urostomy. 

What’s a Colostomy 

This is when the portions of the large bowel, or the colon, are pulled through the incision that’s made in the abdomen to make a stoma

Typically, you’ve got a few kinds. The end colostomy is where the stoma is put. 

There is an end colostomy which is both permanent or a temporary fix. The other part of the bowel that is diseased is removed or let healed before put back up together. 

Then there’s the loop colostomy where the looped part of the colon is then pushed through the abdomen area. An incision is then put in the loop and then sewn towards the stomach with rods to make sure it’s above surface level. The loop colostomy is usually temporary and done for emergency situations. 


The ileostomy is when the small intestine is then made into a stoma. 

You have two types. The end ileostomy is when the ileum is then pulled through and then the abdomen is sewn to it. This is usually done to allow the diseased part to heal up and is then put back together. In some cases, it may be removed completely. 

In the case of looped ileostomies, this is where the looped area of the ileum is then pushed through your abdomen. The incision is then put in the loop, sewn to the stomach, and then a rod is used to keep it over surface level. Loop ileostomies are typically temporary measures that are done in emergencies and are reversed a few months and weeks later. 


The urostomy happens when the bladder has to be removed due to a disease, for example bladder cancer. The bowel will then be taken through the ureters, and then the ureters are sewn into the stomach to create a stoma. Then the ureters are then attached and attached from the bowel piece to create a stoma for urine to leave your body. 

Typically, when this is in place it is for life, and it’s rarely done as a reversable process. 

For a lot of people, getting a stoma is a little bit scary. After all, it can be a little bit different from what you’re used to when it comes to your stoma and building it as well. 

For a lot of people, making sure that they get the right care possible for their stoma is definitely a good thing, and knowing what it is can help you feel a bit more at ease about the process, and of course, the benefits that it can have to help you with everything that you may need to know when it comes to this as well for you.